GRR Client Protection¶
The open source agent does not contain protection against being disabled by administrator/root on the machine. E.g. on Windows, if an attacker stops the service, the agent will stop and will no longer be reachable. Currently, it is up to the deployer of GRR to provide more protection for the service.
If every deployment in the world is running from the same location and
the same code, e.g.
c:\program files\grr\grr.exe, it becomes a pretty
obvious thing for an attacker to look for and disable. Luckily the
attacker has the same problem an investigator has in finding malware on
a system, and we can use the same techniques to protect the client. One
of the key benefits of having an open architecture is that customization
of the client and server is easy, and completely within your control.
For a test, or low security deployment, using the defaults open source agents is fine. However, in a secure environment we strongly recommend using some form of obfuscation.
This can come in many forms, but to give some examples:
- Changing service, and binary names
- Changing registry keys
- Obfuscating the underlying python code
- Using a packer to obfuscate the resulting binary
- Implementing advanced protective or obfuscation functionality such as those used in rootkits
- Implementing watchers to monitor for failure of the client
GRR does not include any obfuscation mechanisms by default. But we attempt to make this relatively easy by controlling the build process through the configuration file.
In the default setup, clients can register to the GRR server with no prior knowledge. This means that anyone who has a copy of the GRR agent, and knows the address of your GRR server can register their client to your deployment. This significantly eases deployment, and is generally considered low risk as the client has no control or trust on the server.
However, it does introduce some risk, in particular:
- If there are flows or hunts you deploy to the entire fleet, a malicious client may receive them. These could give away information about what you are searching for.
- Clients are allowed to send some limited messages to the server without prompting, these are called Well Known flows. By default these can be used to send log messages, or errors. A malicious client using these could fill up logs and disk space.
- If you have custom Well Known Flows that perform interesting actions. You need to be aware that untrusted clients can call them. Most often this could result in a DoS condition, e.g. through a client sending multiple install failure or client crash messages.
In many environments this risk is unwarranted, so we suggest implementing further authorization in the Enrollment Flow using some information that only your client knows, to authenticate it before allowing it to become a registered client.
Note that this does not give someone the ability to overwrite data from another client, as client name collisions are protected.